N-Colombia Birding Trip
March 2006

Introduction

Long-billed Curlew - a new species for Colombia! It was the first time we organised this trip, but nothing new under the sun.
We were already many years familiar with the birding sites; my wife comes from here and during the years I have spend here, I have explored intensively the complete area.
Even last year I visited most areas again with one of the participants to be sure that all areas were still suitable.
So all went smooth.
We were luckly with the weather on nearly the whole trip. Only some showers near Ibaque and Bogota.

Green Anolis The group consisted of 3 Dutch and 2 Californian birders. I was assisted with another Dutch guide and one local guide (for 2/3 of the trip).
The trip was intended a bit as a "relaxing birding trip", if such birding trip exists. Meaning that on this trip we tried to limit the travelling as much as possible, by keeping the birding sites as relative closeby as possible.
We went often to similar habitats and the expectations in number of species were limited.
The intention was that all participants had good looks of the specialities/rarities/endemics.
Nevertheless the trip ended with a list of 422 species seen; Among them were many very good species!
In the detailed report below, I have added lots of pictures as they often say more than words.

The trip wouldn't be as good without the help of our local guide Waly (Walberto Naranjo), who helped me during the whole Santa Marta part of the trip (first fortnight). Not only as a good guide, but he helped me as well with the planning and the logistics of the trip (the most difficult part).
By this way: "Thanks again, Waly".


The trip in details

Double-toothed Kite Tayrona was in a way an introduction to northern South-American birds. The park is ideal for observing N-American bird migration and it was migration period.
Among the migrating birds, we had Kentucky Warbler (Oporornis formosus) and Louisiana Waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla). Both species are rare in S-America.
Notable resident birds were a young Dwarf Cuckoo (Coccyzus pumilus), who looked a bit lost in a mixed flock, a couple of White-necked Puffbirds (Notharchus macrorhynchos) in Pueblito, White-bellied (Myrmeciza longipes) and Jet Antbirds (Cercomacra nigricans) and Double-toothed Kites (Harpagus bidentatus).
Tayrona images
Loading our gear up the mules; the campsite; the walk to El Pueblito and digiscoping the White-necked Puffbirds.


We visited as well a drier part of the Tayrona park.
The speciality is the half-endemic Black-backed Antshrike (Sakesphorus melanonotus). The first one was glimpsed at a distance of 40 meters between the dry tangles. Only some could see it (a bit).
But at a resting spot a couple of them came in the open at only 5 meters.
It was very hot, so we were all glad to be back in our hotel at the sea in Santa Marta.
Kalashe
Taking a picture of the S-American "cameleon" (Polychrus marmoratus); a Brown Vine snake (Oxybelis aeneus); a rest in the visitor centre; our hotel in Santa Marta.


Then we headed for the Cuchillo San Lorenzo in the Santa Marta mountains.
Never it has been so dry as this year, resulting in very good birds.
On the way up we picked the first endemics: Santa Marta Brush-Finch (Atlapetes melanocephalus), White-lored Warbler (Basileuterus conspicillatus), Santa Marta Tapaculo (Scytalopus sanctaemartae), Black-cheeked Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus melanogenys), Yellow-crowned Whitestart (Myioborus flavivertex), Streak-capped (Cranioleuca hellmayri) and Rusty-headed Spinetails (Synallaxis fuscorufa).
We encountered as well a clearly visible group of near-endemic Grey-throated Warblers (Basileuterus cinereicollis).
Next day above the caba˝a a Santa Marta Warbler (Basileuterus basilicus) was looking for food in the roadside scrub.
Other good birds were Santa Marta or Paramo Seedeater (Catamenia (homochroa) oreophila), White-tipped Quetzal (Pharomachrus fulgidus), Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush (Catharus fuscater), Lined Quail-Dove (Geotrygon linearis), Red-billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus) and White-rumped Hawk (Buteo leucorrhous).
The last bird was seen many times. They are more easily seen here in the Santa Marta Mountains than elsewhere.
We saw many female White-tailed Starfrontlet (Coeligena phalerata) (endemic). Some lucky participants saw as well the bright males with the immaculate white tail.
We stayed a day longer than stricktly speaking was necessary, but as a result we saw the Santa Marta Antpitta (Grallaria bangsi) on 3 different spots!!, allowing EVERYONE to have at least one good view of this miraculous bird!
Going down we met the following: Barred Forest-Falcon (Micrastur ruficollis), heard Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus), heard and saw Grey-throated Leaftosser (Sclerurus albigularis) tossing.

Collage Cuchillo San Lorenzo
The highest peaks of Colombia; White-tipped Quetzal (Picture by Sybrand De Bruyn); making the day list our caba˝a; the endemic Santa Marta Mountain-tanager; Waly digiscoping; Barred Forest-Falcon; the pick-nick and mist at the top.


Nearly at 600 m we saw a Rosy Thrush-Tanager (Rhodinocichla rosea) at some army ants.
Another good one was the near-endemic Coppery Emerald (Chlorostilbon russatus). We failed however on Blossomcrown (Anthocephala floriceps). Probably not the best time of the year.
Just before bedtime a Black-&-white Owl (Strix nigrolineata) was heard. We made an appointment to get up before sunrise. And next day when everyone was ready, it took 5 minutes to show up.
Later in the day we could admire the whole family, 2 adults and a grown-up chick.
We had our picknick at a romantic spot, with another Louisiana Waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla).

Minca
Digiscoping Black-&-white Owls; Pozo Azul (Picture by Sybrand De Bruyn) with Louisiana Waterthrush; Breakfast in Minca


In the afternoon we drove direction La Guajira.
We made a few stops, however without any specialities.
Next morning a bit beyond Riohacha in the real dry scrub we had relative quickly all the specialities we were hoping to see: White-whiskered Spinetail (Synallaxis candei), Slender-billed Inezia (Inezia tenuirostris), Northern Scrub-Flycatcher (Sublegatus arenarum), Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer) Orinocan Saltator (Saltator orenocensis) a few beautiful male Vermilion Cardinals (Cardinalis phoeniceus) and some Pileated Finches (Coryphospingus pileatus).

The saltlakes around Musiche were a bit disappointing. Nothing really spectacular, though we had Buffy Hummingbird (Leucippus fallax), some lovely Scarlet Ibisses (Eudocimus ruber), Wilson's Plover (Charadrius wilsonia), Double-striped Thick-knee (Burhinus bistriatus), Reddish Egret (Egretta rufescens) and many Magnificent Frigatebirds (Fregata magnificens).

Musiche
The dry windy plains in Musiche; crossing a salt lake (Picture by Sybrand De Bruyn); Wilson's Plovers; Vermillion Cardenal (Picture by Sybrand De Bruyn)


The waders were not around Musiche or Manaure, but they were all in Los Flamencos NP.
Luckily we were there the next day as well.
We had several rare ones (for Colombia): Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), Snowy Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa) and best of all a Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus). The last one has never been recorded in Colombia.
At the lunch stop Waly, our local guide, found a small flock of Blue-crowned Parakeets (Aratinga acuticaudata).

Next day on route to Isla de Salamanca NP, we made a few stops.
One stop for Chestnut-winged Chachalaca (Ortalis garrula) and Bare-eyed Pigeon (Columba corensis). A second stop gave us a Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus).

The park itself is surrounded with nice mangroves. The speciality is the Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird (Lepidopyga lilliae), but this time of the year it is very difficult to find.
We were hoping to find the half-endemic Chestnut Piculet (Picumnus cinnamomeus). But no luck. The mangroves were not so productive.
Best ones were American Pygmy Kingfisher (Chloroceryle aenea), Common Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus), Bicoloured Conebill (Conirostrum bicolor), Greater Ani (Crotophaga major) and Red-rumped Woodpecker (Veniliornis kirkii).
In the open we had an enormous flock of sea birds, consisting mainly of Gull-billed Terns (Gelochelidon nilotica).
Among them a Red Knot (Calidris canutus), Least Tern (Sterna antillarum), a Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) and more Wilson's Plovers (Charadrius wilsonia).

PN Isla de Salamanca
Pictures from the boat trip in PN Isla de Salamanca; Bare-eyed Pigeon


The next day we passed the morning packing up our gear.
Nevertheless a Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum) flew in the hotel tree!
Then we travelled to the mid-magdalena valley arriving in the middle of the night.
A minibus brought us the next morning to a small village. En route we stopped for some Black-capped Donacobiuses (Donacobius atricapillus).
The water level was just high enough to travel by motorboat to the reserve, but most preferred to walk to El Paujil, the Pro-Aves reserve.
On the way we had Pacific Antwrens (Myrmotherula pacifica), and once in the reserve: a White-throated Crake (Laterallus albigularis) in the open on a branch.
On the introduction trail in the reserve, following was seen: Citron-throated Toucan (Ramphastos citreolaemus), Bentbill (Oncostoma olivaceum), Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui), Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher (Poecilotriccus sylvia), White-bearded Manakin (Manacus manacus), a male-in-good-light Ruby-topaz Hummingbird (Chrysolampis mosquitus), Spot-breasted Woodpecker (Colaptes punctigula) and a group of Chestnut-backed Antbirds (Myrmeciza exsul).
Next morning on the muddy forest trail, we encountered Dull-mantled Antbird (Myrmeciza laemosticta), Half-collared Gnatwren (Microbates cinereiventris) and the best bird of the day: a Slate-throated Gnatcatcher (Polioptila schistaceigula). The bird was seen in a mixed flock at exact the same place where I saw it last year!
Other birds in this flock were Lesser Greenlets (Hylophilus decurtatus), Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner (Automolus ochrolaemus) and a Rufous Mourner (Rhytipterna holerythra).
Sooty Ant-Tanagers (Habia gutturalis) are very common here and were seen on several occasions.
Hidden high above in the foliage Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireos (Vireolanius eximius) were calling all the time but only some could get a glimpse of them.
On the way back we had Olivaceous Flatbill (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus) and Purple-throated Fruitcrows (Querula purpurata).
We were just in time to get a boat back to the visitor centre. In the afternoon - around the house - we saw Saffron-headed Parrot (Pionopsitta pyrilia), more Little Tinamous (Crypturellus soui), the endemic Beautiful Woodpecker (Melanerpes pulcher) and some White-eared Conebills (Conirostrum leucogenys). The last one was seen - again - at exact the same place where I digiscoped them last year.
We stayed one night in tents in a higher part of the park. From here we had a nice view over the valley.
A good thermal with Black Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus tyrannus), Zone-tailed Hawk (Buteo albonotatus) and several King Vultures (Sarcoramphus papa).
Montero - our local guide - took us to a new trail. We stopped for Checker-throated Antwren (Myrmotherula fulviventris), White-fronted Nunbird (Monasa morphoeus), Black-striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus), Striped Manakin (Machaeropterus regulus) and White-thighed Swallow (Neochelidon tibialis).
Blue-chested Hummingbirds (Amazilia amabilis) were common around the camp spot.
On the way back we had Barred Puffbird (Nystalus radiatus), Russet-crowned Crake (Anurolimnas viridis) and a female Blue Cotinga (Cotinga nattererii).
Leaving Puerto Pinzon, we spotted a Pearl Kite (Gampsonyx swainsonii) and found as well his nest. At the moment I put the telescope on his nest, he suddenly attacked me and slammed me on the head.
We made another stop for a Capped Heron (Pilherodius pileatus).

Reserva El Paujil
Lunch at the White-thighed Swallow creek; our camping site (picture Bert De Bruyn); the Pearl Kite nest; White-fronted Nunbird


Near Ibaque we visited a small reserve for some extra endemics.
Yellow-headed Brush-Finches (Atlapetes flaviceps) were very common, but the Blossomcrown (Anthocephala floriceps) and the Tolima Dove (Leptotila conoveri) were only seen by a few lucky ones.
A family of Torrent Ducks (Merganetta armata), male, female and 3 chicks came by on the river.
Surprising to see here White-tipped Swifts (Aeronautes montivagus).
In the far background big groups of Swainson's Hawks (Buteo swainsoni) were using the few and weak thermals after the rain to return north.
Near Bogota finally, we tried and succeeded to see the four marsh endemics:
Bogota Rail (Rallus semiplumbeus), Silvery-throated Spinetail (Synallaxis subpudica), Apolinar's Wren (Cistothorus apolinari) and Spot-flanked Gallinule (Gallinula melanops). (The latter is actually a near-endemic. it occurs as well in Brazil and Bolivia, but is more difficult to see there.)
Bonuses were Sora (Porzana carolina), Masked Duck (Nomonyx dominica) and Striped Owl (Pseudoscops clamator).

Ibaque & Bogota
Birding in the rain near Ibaque (Picture Bert De Bruyn); Striped Owl in a humedal in Bogota


Hereunder follows the full list of birds seen during the trip.

Jurgen Beckers


Complete bird list N-Colombia March 2006
(Endemics and specialities in BOLD)


Great Tinamou (Tinamus major)
Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui) - several encounters in El Paujil.
Chestnut-winged Chachalaca (Ortalis garrula) (photo)
Band-tailed Guan (Penelope argyrotis)
Sickle-winged Guan (Chamaepetes goudotii)
Crested Bobwhite (Colinus cristatus)
Marbled Wood-Quail (Odontophorus gujanensis)
Masked Duck (Nomonyx dominica)
Torrent Duck (Merganetta armata)
Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)
Scaled Piculet (Picumnus squamulatus)
Olivaceous Piculet (Picumnus olivaceus)
Beautiful Woodpecker (Melanerpes pulcher)
Red-crowned Woodpecker (Melanerpes rubricapillus)
Red-rumped Woodpecker (Veniliornis kirkii)
Golden-olive Woodpecker (Piculus rubiginosus)
Spot-breasted Woodpecker (Colaptes punctigula)
Cinnamon Woodpecker (Celeus loricatus)
Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus)
Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Campephilus melanoleucos)
Emerald Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus prasinus)
Collared Arašari (Pteroglossus torquatus)
Keel-billed Toucan (Ramphastos sulfuratus)
Citron-throated Toucan (Ramphastos citreolaemus)
Chestnut-mandibled Toucan (Ramphastos swainsonii)
Rufous-tailed Jacamar (Galbula ruficauda)
White-necked Puffbird (Notharchus macrorhynchos)
Barred Puffbird (Nystalus radiatus)
Russet-throated Puffbird (Hypnelus ruficollis)
White-fronted Nunbird (Monasa morphoeus)
White-tipped Quetzal (Pharomachrus fulgidus)
Masked Trogon (Trogon personatus)
Violaceous Trogon (Trogon violaceus)
Rufous Motmot (Baryphthengus martii)
Blue-crowned Motmot (Momotus momota)
Highland Motmot (Momotus aequatorialis)
Ringed Kingfisher (Megaceryle torquata)
Amazon Kingfisher (Chloroceryle amazona)
Green Kingfisher (Chloroceryle americana)
American Pygmy Kingfisher (Chloroceryle aenea)
Dwarf Cuckoo (Coccyzus pumilus)
Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)
Squirrel Cuckoo (Piaya cayana)
Greater Ani (Crotophaga major)
Smooth-billed Ani (Crotophaga ani)
Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)
Striped Cuckoo (Tapera naevia)
Blue-&-yellow Macaw (Ara ararauna)
Blue-crowned Parakeet (Aratinga acuticaudata)
Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga wagleri)
Brown-throated Parakeet (Aratinga pertinax)
Santa Marta Parakeet (Pyrrhura viridicata)
Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus)
Spectacled Parrotlet (Forpus conspicillatus)
Orange-chinned Parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis)
Saffron-headed Parrot (Pionopsitta pyrilia)
Blue-headed Parrot (Pionus menstruus)
Red-billed Parrot (Pionus sordidus)
Mealy Parrot (Amazona farinosa)
White-collared Swift (Streptoprocne zonaris)
Band-rumped Swift (Chaetura spinicauda)
Grey-rumped Swift (Chaetura cinereiventris)
Short-tailed Swift (Chaetura brachyura)
White-tipped Swift (Aeronautes montivagus)
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift (Panyptila cayennensis)
Rufous-breasted Hermit (Glaucis hirsuta)
Band-tailed Barbthroat (Threnetes ruckeri)
Stripe-throated Hermit (Phaethornis striigularis)
Pale-bellied Hermit (Phaethornis anthophilus)
Western Long-tailed Hermit (Phaethornis longirostris)
Green-fronted Lancebill (Doryfera ludovicae)
White-necked Jacobin (Florisuga mellivora)
Green Violet-ear (Colibri thalassinus)
Sparkling Violet-ear (Colibri coruscans)
Black-throated Mango (Anthracothorax nigricollis)
Ruby-topaz Hummingbird (Chrysolampis mosquitus)
Blue-tailed Emerald (Chlorostilbon mellisugus)
Coppery Emerald (Chlorostilbon russatus)
Blue-crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica)
White-chinned Sapphire (Hylocharis cyanus)
Buffy Hummingbird (Leucippus fallax)
Blue-chested Hummingbird (Amazilia amabilis)
Steely-vented Hummingbird (Amazilia saucerrottei)
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl)
White-vented Plumeleteer (Chalybura buffonii)
Speckled Hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys)
Mountain Velvetbreast (Lafresnaya lafresnayi)
Bronzy Inca (Coeligena coeligena)
Collared Inca (Coeligena torquata)
White-tailed Starfrontlet (Coeligena phalerata)
Buff-tailed Coronet (Boissonneaua flavescens)
Greenish Puffleg (Haplophaedia aureliae)
Booted Racket-tail (Ocreatus underwoodii)
Tyrian Metaltail (Metallura tyrianthina)
Wedge-billed Hummingbird (Augastes geoffroyi)
Long-billed Starthroat (Heliomaster longirostris)
Tropical Screech-owl (Megascops choliba)
Black-&-white Owl (Strix nigrolineata)
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl (Glaucidium brasilianum)
Striped Owl (Pseudoscops clamator)
Pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis)
Bare-eyed Pigeon (Columba corensis)
Band-tailed Pigeon (Columba fasciata)
Pale-vented Pigeon (Columba cayennensis)
Eared Dove (Zenaida auriculata)
Scaled Dove (Columbina squammata)
Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina)
Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti)
White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi)
Lined Quail-Dove (Geotrygon linearis)
Limpkin (Aramus guarauna)
Russet-crowned Crake (Anurolimnas viridis)
White-throated Crake (Laterallus albigularis)
Bogota Rail (Rallus semiplumbeus)
Grey-necked Wood-Rail (Aramides cajanea)
Sora (Porzana carolina)
Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinicus)
Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
Spot-flanked Gallinule (Gallinula melanops)
American Coot (Fulica americana)
Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)
Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus)
Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus)
Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)
Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)
Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)
Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia)
Willet (Catoptrophorus semipalmatus)
Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus)
Red Knot (Calidris canutus)
Sanderling (Calidris alba)
Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)
Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri)
Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)
Wattled Jacana (Jacana jacana)
Double-striped Thick-knee (Burhinus bistriatus)
American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus)
Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)
Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)
Wilson's Plover (Charadrius wilsonia)
Snowy Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)
Southern Lapwing (Vanellus chilensis)
Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)
Laughing Gull (Larus atricilla)
Franklin's Gull (Larus pipixcan)
Gull-billed Tern (Gelochelidon nilotica)
Caspian Tern (Sterna caspia)
Royal Tern (Sterna maxima)
Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicensis)
Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)
Least Tern (Sterna antillarum)
Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)
Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus)
Pearl Kite (Gampsonyx swainsonii)
White-tailed Kite (Elanus leucurus)
Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis)
Double-toothed Kite (Harpagus bidentatus)
Plumbeous Kite (Ictinia plumbea)
Crane Hawk (Geranospiza caerulescens)
Common Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus)
Savanna Hawk (Buteogallus meridionalis)
Black-collared Hawk (Busarellus nigricollis)
Grey Hawk (Buteo nitidus)
Roadside Hawk (Buteo magnirostris)
Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)
White-rumped Hawk (Buteo leucorrhous)
Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus)
Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni)
Zone-tailed Hawk (Buteo albonotatus)
Black Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus tyrannus)
Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus)
Yellow-headed Caracara (Milvago chimachima)
Laughing Falcon (Herpetotheres cachinnans)
Barred Forest-Falcon (Micrastur ruficollis)
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
Merlin (Falco columbarius)
Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
Neotropic Cormorant (Phalacrocorax brasilianus)
Reddish Egret (Egretta rufescens)
Tricoloured Heron (Egretta tricolor)
Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
Capped Heron (Pilherodius pileatus)
Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)
Cocoi Heron (Ardea cocoi)
Great Egret (Ardea alba)
Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
Striated Heron (Butorides striatus)
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Nyctanassa violacea)
Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
Rufescent Tiger-Heron (Tigrisoma lineatum)
Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber)
White Ibis (Eudocimus albus)
Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber)
Whispering Ibis (Phimosus infuscatus)
Roseate Spoonbill (Ajaia ajaja)
Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture (Cathartes burrovianus)
King Vulture (Sarcoramphus papa)
Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens)
Olive-striped Flycatcher (Mionectes olivaceus)
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher (Mionectes oleagineus)
Sepia-capped Flycatcher (Leptopogon amaurocephalus)
Slaty-capped Flycatcher (Leptopogon superciliaris)
Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer)
Black-throated Tody-Tyrant (Hemitriccus granadensis)
Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher (Poecilotriccus sylvia)
Common Tody-Flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum)
Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher (Todirostrum nigriceps)
Black-capped Tyrannulet (Phyllomyias nigrocapillus)
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet (Camptostoma obsoletum)
Mouse-coloured Tyrannulet (Phaeomyias murina)
Northern Scrub-Flycatcher (Sublegatus arenarum)
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet (Tyrannulus elatus)
Yellow-bellied Elaenia (Elaenia flavogaster)
Mountain Elaenia (Elaenia frantzii)
White-throated Tyrannulet (Mecocerculus leucophrys)
Torrent Tyrannulet (Serpophaga cinerea)
Slender-billed Inezia (Inezia tenuirostris)
Pale-eyed Pygmy-tyrant (Lophotriccus pilaris)
Bentbill (Oncostoma olivaceum)
Olivaceous Flatbill (Rhynchocyclus olivaceus)
Yellow-breasted Flycatcher (Tolmomyias flaviventris)
Cinnamon Flycatcher (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea)
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)
Smoke-coloured Pewee (Contopus fumigatus)
Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens)
Tropical Pewee (Contopus cinereus)
Black Phoebe (Sayornis nigricans)
Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
Yellow-bellied Chat-tyrant (Ochthoeca diadema)
Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant (Ochthoeca cinnamomeiventris)
Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant (Myiotheretes striaticollis)
Pied Water-Tyrant (Fluvicola pica)
White-headed Marsh-Tyrant (Arundinicola leucocephala)
Long-tailed Tyrant (Colonia colonus)
Cattle Tyrant (Machetornis rixosus)
Bright-rumped Attila (Attila spadiceus)
Rufous Mourner (Rhytipterna holerythra)
Dusky-capped Flycatcher (Myiarchus tuberculifer)
Venezuelan Flycatcher (Myiarchus venezuelensis)
Panama Flycatcher (Myiarchus panamensis)
Brown-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus)
Tropical Kingbird (Tyrannus melancholicus)
Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana)
Grey Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis)
Boat-billed Flycatcher (Megarynchus pitangua)
Golden-crowned Flycatcher (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus)
Streaked Flycatcher (Myiodynastes maculatus)
Rusty-margined Flycatcher (Myiozetetes cayanensis)
Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis)
Piratic Flycatcher (Legatus leucophaius)
Lesser Kiskadee (Philohydor lictor)
Great Kiskadee (Pitangus sulphuratus)
Cinnamon Becard (Pachyramphus cinnamomeus)
Black-capped Becard (Pachyramphus marginatus)
Cinereous Becard (Pachyramphus rufus)
One-coloured Becard (Pachyramphus homochrous)
Masked Tityra (Tityra semifasciata)
Golden-breasted Fruiteater (Pipreola aureopectus)
Blue Cotinga (Cotinga nattererii)
Purple-throated Fruitcrow (Querula purpurata)
Golden-headed Manakin (Pipra erythrocephala)
Lance-tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia lanceolata)
White-bearded Manakin (Manacus manacus)
Striped Manakin (Machaeropterus regulus)
Great Antshrike (Taraba major)
Black-crested Antshrike (Sakesphorus canadensis)
Black-backed Antshrike (Sakesphorus melanonotus)
Barred Antshrike (Thamnophilus doliatus)
Western Slaty Antshrike (Thamnophilus atrinucha)
Pacific Antwren (Myrmotherula pacifica)
Checker-throated Antwren (Myrmotherula fulviventris)
White-fringed Antwren (Formicivora grisea)
Jet Antbird (Cercomacra nigricans)
White-bellied Antbird (Myrmeciza longipes)
Chestnut-backed Antbird (Myrmeciza exsul)
Dull-mantled Antbird (Myrmeciza laemosticta)
Azara's Spinetail (Synallaxis azarae)
Pale-breasted Spinetail (Synallaxis albescens)
Silvery-throated Spinetail (Synallaxis subpudica)
Rusty-headed Spinetail (Synallaxis fuscorufa)
White-whiskered Spinetail (Synallaxis candei)
Streak-capped Spinetail (Cranioleuca hellmayri)
Yellow-chinned Spinetail (Certhiaxis cinnamomea)
Spotted Barbtail (Premnoplex brunnescens)
Streaked Tuftedcheek (Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii)
Montane Foliage-gleaner (Anabacerthia striaticollis)
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner (Automolus ochrolaemus)
Grey-throated Leaftosser (Sclerurus albigularis)
Plain Xenops (Xenops minutus)
Plain-brown Woodcreeper (Dendrocincla fuliginosa)
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper (Glyphorynchus spirurus)
Strong-billed Woodcreeper (Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus)
Black-banded Woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptes picumnus)
Straight-billed Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus picus)
Cocoa Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus susurrans)
Black-striped Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus)
Streak-headed Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)
Montane Woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger)
Santa Marta Antpitta (Grallaria bangsi)
Rusty-breasted Antpitta (Grallaricula ferrugineipectus)
Santa Marta Tapaculo (Scytalopus sanctaemartae)
Rufous-browed Peppershrike (Cyclarhis gujanensis)
Yellow-browed Shrike-Vireo (Vireolanius eximius)
Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
Brown-capped Vireo (Vireo leucophrys)
Golden-fronted Greenlet (Hylophilus aurantiifrons)
Scrub Greenlet (Hylophilus flavipes)
Lesser Greenlet (Hylophilus decurtatus)
Black-chested Jay (Cyanocorax affinis)
Green Jay (Cyanocorax yncas)
White-capped Dipper (Cinclus leucocephalus)
Andean Solitaire (Myadestes ralloides)
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush (Catharus fuscater)
Grey-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)
Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)
Yellow-legged Thrush (Platycichla flavipes)
Great Thrush (Turdus fuscater)
Black-hooded Thrush (Turdus olivater)
Pale-breasted Thrush (Turdus leucomelas)
Black-billed Thrush (Turdus ignobilis)
White-necked Thrush (Turdus albicollis)
Tropical Mockingbird (Mimus gilvus)
Black-capped Donacobius (Donacobius atricapillus)
Bicoloured Wren (Campylorhynchus griseus)
Apolinar's Wren (Cistothorus apolinari)
Black-bellied Wren (Thryothorus fasciatoventris)
Whiskered Wren (Thryothorus mystacalis)
Rufous-&-white Wren (Thryothorus rufalbus)
Buff-breasted Wren (Thryothorus leucotis)
House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
White-breasted Wood-Wren (Henicorhina leucosticta)
Grey-breasted Wood-Wren (Henicorhina leucophrys)
Southern Nightingale-wren (Microcerculus marginatus)
Half-collared Gnatwren (Microbates cinereiventris)
Long-billed Gnatwren (Ramphocaenus melanurus)
Tropical Gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea)
Slate-throated Gnatcatcher (Polioptila schistaceigula)
White-winged Swallow (Tachycineta albiventer)
Grey-breasted Martin (Progne chalybea)
Brown-bellied Swallow (Notiochelidon murina)
Blue-&-white Swallow (Notiochelidon cyanoleuca)
White-thighed Swallow (Neochelidon tibialis)
Southern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
Andean Siskin (Carduelis spinescens)
Lesser Goldfinch (Carduelis psaltria)
Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis)
Golden-winged Sparrow (Arremon schlegeli)
Santa Marta Brush-Finch (Atlapetes melanocephalus)
Yellow-headed Brush-Finch (Atlapetes flaviceps)
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch (Buarremon torquatus)
Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera)
Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrina)
Tropical Parula (Parula pitiayumi)
Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia)
Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca)
Bay-breasted Warbler (Dendroica castanea)
Blackpoll Warbler (Dendroica striata)
Black-&-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)
American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)
Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea)
Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis)
Louisiana Waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla)
Kentucky Warbler (Oporornis formosus)
Mourning Warbler (Oporornis philadelphia)
Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis)
Slate-throated Whitestart (Myioborus miniatus)
Yellow-crowned Whitestart (Myioborus flavivertex)
Santa Marta Warbler (Basileuterus basilicus)
Grey-throated Warbler (Basileuterus cinereicollis)
White-lored Warbler (Basileuterus conspicillatus)
Rufous-capped Warbler (Basileuterus rufifrons)
Buff-rumped Warbler (Basileuterus fulvicauda)
Bananaquit (Coereba flaveola)
White-eared Conebill (Conirostrum leucogenys)
Bicoloured Conebill (Conirostrum bicolor)
Common Bush-Tanager (Chlorospingus ophthalmicus)
Oleaginous Hemispingus (Hemispingus frontalis)
Yellow-backed Tanager (Hemithraupis flavicollis)
Rosy Thrush-Tanager (Rhodinocichla rosea)
Grey-headed Tanager (Eucometis penicillata)
White-shouldered Tanager (Tachyphonus luctuosus)
White-lined Tanager (Tachyphonus rufus)
Sooty Ant-Tanager (Habia gutturalis)
Hepatic Tanager (Piranga flava)
Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)
Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea)
Crimson-backed Tanager (Ramphocelus dimidiatus)
Blue-grey Tanager (Thraupis episcopus)
Glaucous Tanager (Thraupis glaucocolpa)
Palm Tanager (Thraupis palmarum)
Blue-capped Tanager (Thraupis cyanocephala)
Black-cheeked Mountain-Tanager (Anisognathus melanogenys)
Trinidad Euphonia (Euphonia trinitatis)
Thick-billed Euphonia (Euphonia laniirostris)
Plain-coloured Tanager (Tangara inornata)
Saffron-crowned Tanager (Tangara xanthocephala)
Bay-headed Tanager (Tangara gyrola)
Scrub Tanager (Tangara vitriolina)
Golden-hooded Tanager (Tangara larvata)
Beryl-spangled Tanager (Tangara nigroviridis)
Blue-&-black Tanager (Tangara vassorii)
Black-capped Tanager (Tangara heinei)
Black-headed Tanager (Tangara cyanoptera)
Black-faced Dacnis (Dacnis lineata)
Blue Dacnis (Dacnis cayana)
Red-legged Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes cyaneus)
Swallow Tanager (Tersina viridis)
Pileated Finch (Coryphospingus pileatus)
Slaty Finch (Haplospiza rustica)
Saffron Finch (Sicalis flaveola)
Blue-black Grassquit (Volatinia jacarina)
Grey Seedeater (Sporophila intermedia)
Yellow-bellied Seedeater (Sporophila nigricollis)
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater (Sporophila minuta)
Lesser Seed-Finch (Oryzoborus angolensis)
Paramo Seedeater (Catamenia homochroa)
Dull-coloured Grassquit (Tiaris obscura)
Yellow-faced Grassquit (Tiaris olivacea)
Black-faced Grassquit (Tiaris bicolor)
Rusty Flowerpiercer (Diglossa sittoides)
White-sided Flowerpiercer (Diglossa albilatera)
Glossy Flowerpiercer (Diglossa lafresnayii)
Black Flowerpiercer (Diglossa humeralis)
Masked Flowerpiercer (Diglossopis cyanea)
Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)
Vermilion Cardinal (Cardinalis phoeniceus)
Buff-throated Saltator (Saltator maximus)
Black-winged Saltator (Saltator atripennis)
Greyish Saltator (Saltator coerulescens)
Orinocan Saltator (Saltator orenocensis)
Streaked Saltator (Saltator striatipectus)
Crested Oropendola (Psarocolius decumanus)
Yellow-backed Oriole (Icterus chrysater)
Yellow Oriole (Icterus nigrogularis)
Orange-crowned Oriole (Icterus auricapillus)
Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)
Yellow-hooded Blackbird (Agelaius icterocephalus)
Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)
Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis)




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