HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL

1 - ORIGIN: Volleyball has its origin in the USA and is now more than 100 years old! In 1895 an instructor at YMCA decided to blend some elements of basketball, tennis, handball and baseball to create a game which would demand less physical contact than basketball. He created the game: "Volleyball". In the 100 years volleyball exists, it has been changed to the volleyball we now all know.

2 - NAME: In the first years of it's existence volleyball was called "Mintonette". When a spectator of the game made the remark that the players seemed to volley the bal over the net and back, a new term was born: "Volleyball". The first game of "Volleyball" was played in 1896 at Springfield College.

3 - RULES: In the following years several rules were applied on volleyball. The most important are the three hits-per-side rule and the points to win the set: 15.
The complete rule book can be found at FIVB or at volleyball.org

4 - NEW SYSTEM: In the new system (1998) you win a set when 25 points are reached, but in the very beginning of the sport (1895) this was not so different: 21 points had to be made to win a set! From 1917 till 1998 volleyball was always played to a maximum of 15 poits a set. (the two-point difference not counted).

Over the years, volleyball has become an international sport. Not so long ago the 2-person beach volleyball was introduced to the Olympic Games!

5 - ORGANISATIONS: Now several organisations rule the world-wide volleyball-game. The best known are:
- FIVB (Federation Internationale de volleyball) - 1947
- CBVA (California Beach Volleyball Association) - 1965
- AVP (Association of Volleyball Professionals) - 1983
- WPVA (Women's Professional Volleyball Association) - 1986
Dissolved in 1998
- USAV (USA Volleyball)