Roman Numismatic Gallery:
The RNG has moved to a new location
For a few more weeks you can find below the no longer updated old version
Please bookmark the new address !
Back to Mainpage
Roman Legion Mainpage
Roman Military Equipment

Infantry Equipment

Infantry Equipment of the frist to third century AD. This covers the typical legionary, a roman citizen professional soldier as well as the foreign soldier serving in one of the many auxiliary cohorts of 500 or 1000 soldiers.

Legionary Equipment made after orginials. To the left a legionary with typical helmet and shield of the second century, to the left a third century auxiliary infantrist

Legionary helmets

Montefortino helmet, the typical helmet of the republican period

Montefortino Helmet of the 4th century BC

Montefortino Helmet of the 1 century BC

Another example, late first century BC

Later Helmets, made of  bronze and iron

The Gallic Imperial Helmet (iron)

The Gallic Imperial Helmet (Bronze)

Below more helmets. Please note that many "versions" of the different helm types were found, there seems to have been less standardization of the soldier's equipment compared to today's "uniform":


The roman short sword, called gladius, the type being of Spanish origin, this example of the first century AD. Length ca. 55 cms


The blade of a "pugio" dagger, third century:

Two dagger sheaths, decorated with intricate silver inlays

A first century AD soldier`s belt, the cingulum, to carry the dagger pugio and the short sword gladius.

Soldier`s belts of later centuries

Other less typical daggers used by roman military                        Pilum head, the typical legionary weapon together with the short sword Gladius

Part of the soldier's armour


Roman soldier`s safety pins, the fibulae, worn also as a decorative piece. A universe of different designs exist.

A phalera, a medal of honor given to the bravest soldiers

Spear heads and catapult projectiles used in roman times


Lead Sling Bullet of Pompeius' LEG XIII, from Spain

Lead bullets with text exist e.g also for the Legio V Alaudae from the lower Rhine region. These bullets were used by specialized sling shooters.

A donative stone to the godess Diana, by Titus Aurelius Cassianus, praefect of the Legio IIII Scythica, and the Legio XIIII Gemina, his wife Lucilla, and their children. Together with military diploma, these donative stones are our most important sources of soldier`s careers and the movement of military units.

To the military equipment of the cavalrist

Related Sections of the Roman Numismatic Gallery:

The  Location of Roman Legions from Caesar to ca. 300 AD is summarized in a table.
Military Equipment, and Military Diploma
Roman Legionary Bricks
Countermarks of roman legions on coins are shown in the Legionary Countermark section.
Coins making reference to roman legions are to be found in the Legionary Coin section.
Wars and Victories on Roman coins.
Roman Legions Main Page