Infantry Equipment of the frist to third century AD. This covers the typical legionary, a roman citizen professional soldier as well as the foreign soldier serving in one of the many auxiliary cohorts of 500 or 1000 soldiers.
Legionary Equipment made after orginials. To the left a legionary with
typical helmet and shield of the second century, to the left a third century
Montefortino helmet, the typical helmet of the republican period
Montefortino Helmet of the 4th century BC
Montefortino Helmet of the 1 century BC
Another example, late first century BC
Later Helmets, made of bronze and iron
The Gallic Imperial Helmet (iron)
The Gallic Imperial Helmet (Bronze)
Below more helmets. Please note that many "versions" of the different helm types were found, there seems to have been less standardization of the soldier's equipment compared to today's "uniform":
The roman short sword, called gladius, the type being of Spanish
origin, this example of the first century AD. Length ca. 55 cms
The blade of a "pugio" dagger, third century:
Two dagger sheaths, decorated with intricate silver inlays
A first century AD soldier`s belt, the cingulum, to carry the
dagger pugio and the short sword gladius.
Soldier`s belts of later centuries
Other less typical daggers used by roman military
Pilum head, the typical legionary weapon together with the short
Part of the soldier's armour
Roman soldier`s safety pins, the fibulae, worn also as a decorative
piece. A universe of different designs exist.
A phalera, a medal of honor given to the bravest soldiers
Spear heads and catapult projectiles used in roman times
Lead Sling Bullet of Pompeius' LEG XIII, from Spain
Lead bullets with text exist e.g also for the Legio V Alaudae from the
lower Rhine region. These bullets were used by specialized sling shooters.
A donative stone to the godess Diana, by Titus Aurelius Cassianus, praefect of the Legio IIII Scythica, and the Legio XIIII Gemina, his wife Lucilla, and their children. Together with military diploma, these donative stones are our most important sources of soldier`s careers and the movement of military units.
To the military equipment of
Related Sections of the Roman Numismatic Gallery:
The Location of Roman Legions
from Caesar to ca. 300 AD is summarized in a table.
Military Equipment, and Military Diploma
Roman Legionary Bricks
Countermarks of roman legions on coins are shown in the Legionary Countermark section.
Coins making reference to roman legions are to be found in the Legionary Coin section.
Wars and Victories on Roman coins.
Roman Legions Main Page